The cannabis plant has been around for a long time. It has also served different purposes, mostly psychoactive and therapeutic. Although it had been banned in many countries, it has been legalized in others. In recent times, however, this wave of legalization is sweeping across the world at an alarming rate. Because this is a beginner’s guide, it is essential to examine every aspect critically, beginning with the cannabis plant.
What is cannabis?
Cannabis is a plant known by many names like hemp and marijuana and several others (depending on the region in question). It contains about 100 different substances, or compounds know as cannabinoids. The commonest of these cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (popularly called THC) and cannabidiol (known as CBD). Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive compound found in the Cannabis Sativa plant and its responsible for the “highness” often associated with marihuana/ cannabis. Unlike THC, CBD is the non- psychoactive (but more therapeutic) compound found in cannabis, and it’s the largest concentration of compound found in CBD oil.
Difference between THC and CBD
Over the years, growers have selected and planted cannabis plants that contain a high level of CBD. These plants contain little to no percentage of tetrahydrocannabinol (hence they are less intoxicating)
How CBD oil is gotten from cannabis
CBD oil is gotten from the specially bred CBD plant which contains negligible or no intoxicating properties. CBD oil is either extracted from the hemp or obtained by diluting hemp oil with either coconut or other oils.
The many forms of CBD oil
CBD oil can be sold or distributed in several forms. These forms include edibles, under- the- tongue- sprays, tinctures, skin patches, creams and topical solutions.
How to use CBD oil
Because CBD oil exists in many forms, it can be used in different ways.
- It can be used to bake edibles such as cookies, cakes and other pastries.
- It can be infused into sweets and gummies.
- It can be used in the preparation of foods and drinks
- It can be used as skin patches
- It can be applied locally on the skin in the form of an oil-based cream
- It can be applied by spraying underneath the tongue or dropped using a sprayer or droplet.
What are the benefits of CBD
The benefits of using CBD oil are almost innumerable. They are useful for mild issues like toothache, acne and eczema and other severe conditions. CBD can be used in treating conditions like endocrine disorders, heart diseases, osteoporosis, Chron’s disease, Rheumatism, Fibromyalgia, Epilepsy, Seizures, Anxiety, Depression and general well- being.
How does CBD oil work?
When ingested or applied, Cannabinoids like CBD attach to receptors in the body’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS). Once attached to the receptors, they begin to work on the specific organ or part of the ECS that is affected. N.B. The body’s ECS is responsible for controlling functions like sleep, memory and general body functions. The ECS receptors are also connected to all the organs of the body (hence its efficacy)
How long does CBD work?
Whether ingested as food, drink or sprayed underneath the tongue, it takes CBD about few minutes to hours before it works. Sometimes CBD takes weeks before working. There is, therefore, no specific time range for working. This, however, doesn’t impugn its efficacy.
What are the side effects of CBD oil
Unlike synthetic or synthesized chemical products such as drugs, CBD oil is natural; hence it has no known toxic effects. However, some side- effects have been observed, and they include.
- Fluctuations in appetite
- Dry mouth
In conclusion, there are no recommended doses for CBD oil consumption, but it has been observed that more doses often result in faster results.